For every student who has an individualized education program (IEP), it is federally mandated under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that transition planning and services begin by the time a student turns 16 years old. In some states, an earlier age for transition planning has been implemented. When deemed appropriate, an IEP team can begin transition planning sooner than what is mandated.
Extended school year services are free school services that generally extend beyond the typical school year and are integrated within a student with disabilities’ individualized education program (IEP) to support educational goals. ESY services differ from conventional summer school and must meet the mandated requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Depending on eligibility, ESY services may also be offered during longer school breaks, such as winter or spring breaks, when deemed appropriate.