Math Lesson Plans

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Special Education Math Curriculum

The Counting and Cardinality Segment addresses number identification, number sense, rote counting, counting quantities with one-to-one correspondence, and sequencing numbers and quantities. These early numeracy skills provide a strong foundation in what numbers mean and how they relate to the objects in our world, allowing special education students with a firm footing for jumping into the content included in other Math segments.

In the Operations and Algebraic Thinking Segment, students are guided through pre-problem solving and problem-solving activities. Math is brought to life using relatable story problems and students are taught to identify critical information from a problem and the steps necessary to solve the problem using evidence-based supports.

The Measurement and Data Segment addresses measurable attributes, sorting and comparing, graphing and analyzing data. Special education teachers are provided with explicit instructions teach students measurement vocabulary and concepts.

The Math All Around Us Segment addresses two key areas: (1) extending skills taught in other segments as they relate to the world around us, and (2) how we can draw skills from multiple math domains and use them in tandem to solve problems in the education classroom and beyond.

Each Numbers and Operations in Base 10 (or Fractions, for Units 19-36 in the 3-5 band) Segment provides teachers and students with hands-on materials and graphic organizers needed to develop a conceptual knowledge and clear comprehension of how numbers, quantities, and individual objects can be put together, organized, and taken apart. These lessons encourage students to practice numeracy skills in the context of Base 10 units, tens, and hundreds and in the context of the parts and wholes represented by fractions. Students will bring these skills together to solve equations and word problems using Base 10 Units and fractions.

The Time Segment is designed to address the functional math skills that we use everyday. From identifying time on various devices to identifying money and making purchases in the community, teachers are provided with scripted step by step instructions on how to teach these critical math concepts.

The Money Segment is designed to familiarize students with coins and dollar bills and support them in developing a sense of their value, both in relation to other currency (e.g., “A $20 bill is worth more than a quarter.”) and in relation to their value in everyday situations (e.g., “I can buy more with a $20 bill than a quarter, but someone should not ask me to pay $20 for a pack of gum.”). These lesson segments focus on identifying coins and bills, counting the value of money, and employing practical strategies to use money effectively in the real-world environment.

In the Geometry Segment, students are taught to identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes. Additionally, students are taught to identify the attributes of shapes, compare shapes by their attributes, and to identify and extend patterns.

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